Tombstone in the Form of an Architectural Niche

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY

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This architectural niche belonged to Shaikh Mahmud ibn Sada Muhammad, a leader of a religious brotherhood who died on the fourth of Muharram 753 / February 21, 1352.Its carvings employ Kufic and rounded calligraphy scripts demarcated by layered rectangular borders.The tombstone’s Kufic inscriptions include Shahada, a Muslim profession of belief and one of the five pillars of Islam, as well as passages from the Qur’an.The historically significant and aesthetically pleasant tombstone was done by an Iranian artist, whose partially legible signature reads "Niza[m] . . . Shihab."

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