Thumbnail 0
Thumbnail 1
Thumbnail 2
Thumbnail 3
Thumbnail 4
Thumbnail 5
Thumbnail 6
Thumbnail 7
Thumbnail 8
Thumbnail 9
Thumbnail 10
Thumbnail 11
Thumbnail 12
Thumbnail 13
Thumbnail 14
Thumbnail 15

About the work

curationist logoCurationist Object Description
Kemeni was the butler to Pharaoh Amenemhat IV during his reign in the Middle Kingdom. Kemeni's tomb was excavated in CC 25 and an ornate cosmetic box made from cedar and ivory was one of the many treasures uncovered. Much like modern cosmetic boxes, Kemeni's box was constructed with several small compartments. Archaeologists have determined that the compartments would have held ointment jars. A recessed area for a mirror is just under the lid.

The outside of the box is inscribed with hieroglyphs and includes a prayer to the god Sobek. Sobek is usually depicted with the head of a crocodile and his images have been found in tombs of kings. He is associated with fertility, power, and protection. In the Twelfth Dynasty, the cult of Sobek grew significantly with the support of elite patronage.

Metropolitan Museum of Art Object Description

Toilet box, cosmetic box, Kemeni

Work details

"--" = no data available
= Curationist added metadata(Learn more)

All Works in Curationist’s archives can be reproduced and used freely. How to attribute this Work:


Help us to improve this content!

Let our archivists know if you have something to add.

Save this work.

Start an account to add this work to your personal curated collection.

masonry card

We're just getting started!

Sign Up to receive updates.

Curationist connects people to cultural knowledge from all over the world.