Pinback button of the Pan-African flag, after 1955, AFL-CIO, USA
- Creator: AFL-CIO
- Year: after 1955
- Location: United States
Round pin-back button owned by activist and National Black Anti-War and Anti-Draft Union local head Jan Bailey, and featuring a red, black, and green stripes.
The Pan-African flag—also known as the UNIA flag, Afro-American flag, Black Liberation flag, and various other names—was originally adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) on August 13, 1920. UNIA-ACL founder Marcus Garvey had proposed the tri-color design consisting of three equal horizontal bands of (from top down) red, black and green. The flag later became a Black Nationalist symbol for the worldwide liberation of Black people and Black pride, and was popular during the Black Liberation movement of the 1960s.
The color scheme appears in the flags of multiple African states and countries that won independence in the 1960s, as well as artistic works such as David Hammons’ African-American Flag (1990).
Pinback button of the Pan-African flag, after 1955, AFL-CIO, USA is available in the public domain via Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication .
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture | Source: Smithsonian Learning Lab