شمسالعماره, Shams-ol Imareh [Edifice of the Sun]
- Creator: Ali Mohammad Kashi, Moayer ol Mamalek, ناصرالدین شاه قاجار [Naser al-Din Shah Qajar 1831-1896]
- Year: 1865-1867
- Location: Tehran, Iran
Imarate Shams-ol Imareh (The Edifice of the Sun) is considered the most stunning structure of the Golestan Palace. Prior to the construction of the entrance to the National Garden , this building was known as a symbol of the city of Tehran.
The idea of building a tall structure came to Nasser al-Din Shah who wanted a structure from which he could have panoramic views of the city. Designed by Moayer ol Mamalek, construction on this building began in 1865 and was completed two years later. Its architect was Ali Mohammad Kashi. The building has two identical towers. The exterior views have multiple arches, intricate tile work and ornate windows. This building’s two towers are in fact small versions of the Safavid viewing palace of Ālī Qāpū in Isfahan.
Imarate Shams-ol Imareh is unique in demonstrating a combination of Iranian traditional architecture and European style that has never been seen before nor been repeated after. By tradition, all royal buildings in Iran and most of them elsewhere have always been walled and enclosed to ensure privacy; this is particularly obvious in buildings of such nature in Iran, where the architecture is basically of an introverted nature. By contrast, Imarate Shams-ol Imareh not only forms a part of an urban structure, but also features an extrovert characteristic by opening out to the public. Located in the east side of Golestan Palace, the tower opens onto the palace to the west and to Marvi Square in the city to the east.
شمسالعماره, Shams-ol Imareh [Edifice of the Sun] is available in the public domain via Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported .
"كاخ گلستان, [Golestan Palace]," 2016. Photo: Peymanyeganeh | Source: Wikimedia Commons