عمارت بادگیر [Imarat-e Badgir, the wind catcher], کاخ گلستان [Golestan Palace]
- Creator: فتحعلی شاه [Fat′h-Ali Shah Qajar 1772-1834], ناصرالدین شاه قاجار [Naser al-Din Shah Qajar 1831-1896]
- Year: 1813, 1853
- Location: Tehran, Iran
Golestan Palace is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran‘s capital city, Tehran. The UNESCO World Heritage Site belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s arg (“citadel”) and is one of the oldest of the historic monuments in the city.
Among the most beautiful buildings of the complex is the Imarat-e Badgir, built by Fat′h-Ali Shah Qajar in 1813. Remarkable for its tile-decorated Badgirs, the current Imarat-e Badgir is the result of Naser ed-Din Shah’s major 1853 renovation and reconstruction. This building is comprised of a main hall and its adjoining rooms with four Badgirs (“windcatchers”) at the corners. The interior walls and ceiling of the building’s halls are decorated with mirror and tile work, glass and mirror paintings, and stucco carvings. The Badgirs are tiled in blue, yellow, and black.
The Imarat-e Badgir also has a Howz Khaneh in the basement, which worked with the four Badgirs to circulate and cool air by passing it over pools of water. The Howz Khaneh is now used as the Golestan Palace’s photo gallery (“Aks Khaneh”).
عمارت بادگیر [Imarat-e Badgir, the wind catcher], کاخ گلستان [Golestan Palace] is available in the public domain via Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International .
"Palacio de Golestán, Teherán, Irán," 2016. Photo: Diego Delso | Source: Wikimedia Commons