Worn by gold medalist Tommie Smith at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City.
During their medal ceremony in the Olympic Stadium
in Mexico City
on October 16, 1968, Tommie Smith
and John Carlos
, two African-American athletes representing the United States, each raised a black-gloved fist
during the playing of the US national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner
". While on the podium, Smith and Carlos, who had won gold and bronze medals respectively in the 200-meter
running event of the 1968 Summer Olympics
, turned to face the US flag and then kept their hands raised until the anthem had finished. In addition, Smith, Carlos, and Australian silver medalist Peter Norman
all wore human-rights badges on their jackets.